March 22, 2019 Felicia Durling

What’s the Difference Between Partial Hospitalization and Full Rehab?

Did you know that over 5,000 daily visits to emergency rooms are related to drug abuse?

A lot of these cases are life-or-death situations that require emergency treatment. Yet the ER isn’t the only solution for drug abuse, especially if addiction is part of the picture.

Partial hospitalization may also be necessary

You may have heard of partial hospitalization (PHP) programs. But what is the difference between PHP and full rehabilitation programs?

We answer this question and more in this post. Keep reading for more insight!

What is Partial Hospitalization?

Partial hospitalization (PHP) programs are available to individuals struggling with substance abuse, addiction, and/or mental and behavioral health conditions. In a nutshell, PHP is designed to prevent relapse of any kind.

PHP programs are frequently referred to as intensive outpatient treatment.

This means that PHP patients are not “inpatients.” Inpatients are individuals who live in a hospital or treatment facility while receiving care.

PHP program participants are outpatients who live at home while undergoing treatment.

This treatment, however, is far more structured than traditional counseling programs. This is where the “intensive” part of intensive outpatient treatment comes into play.

Some programs, for example, involve on-site nursing services. PHP patients can also expect to have medication management and various kinds of therapy.

The length of a typical PHP program will vary from individual to individual. Someone at the end of opioid addiction recovery will have a very different PHP experience than someone recovering from severe depression!

PHP length will also depend on who is administering the program itself. Hospitals, clinics, and rehab facilities can all offer PHP services to outpatients.

Types of PHP Treatment

What can you expect when you enroll in a PHP program?

Almost all PHP treatment requires an initial assessment or interview. This assessment will take mental, physical, and behavioral health into consideration.

If you are entering PHP for substance abuse, you will also have to undergo a drug and alcohol screening when you begin.

PHP professionals will then craft a recovery program based off of your specific needs. This program is often quite structured, even though it doesn’t involve 24/7 medical supervision.

For example, your PHP program may involve six hours of treatment a day for five days each week. This program could last for several weeks or several months.

Those hours will be therapy-intensive. The type of therapy PHP patients undergo also varies, but in general, PHP programs can administer individual, family, and group therapy.

PHP patients may also receive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It’s not uncommon for some PHP programs to involve recreational activities, nutrition counseling, mindfulness techniques, and even fitness.

Who Can Benefit

PHP programs are tailored to meet the needs of anyone navigating addiction or substance abuse. Individuals with mental or behavioral health conditions can also benefit from a PHP program.

PHP programs give outpatients a lot more freedom than inpatient care facilities.

For this reason, people most likely to benefit from PHP don’t require the “around-the-clock” care of a rehab facility.

If you have a severe addiction or mental health condition, PHP is probably not appropriate for you. You will need something a lot more intensive, such as enrollment in a rehab program at a licensed facility.

PHP can also be ideal for people who have to live at home for any reason, such as childcare.

If you are struggling with withdrawal symptoms, PHP can also be helpful.

Lastly, if you’ve already undergone inpatient care (like full rehab!), PHP can help you transition more easily into the real world.

To be eligible for PHP, you’ll have to get an assessment from a medical professional. This person should take your mental, behavioral, and physical health in mind when making this assessment.

What is Full Rehab?

Rehab refers to intensive, inpatient care available to people struggling with severe substance abuse, addiction, or mental/behavioral health conditions.

Rehab facilities are designed to give patients the full-on care they need to recover from addiction.

So, when you enroll in a rehab facility, you can generally expect to live there full-time. Rehab participants undergo intensive, supervised treatment for their program length.

Program lengths vary–just like PHP! Rehab treatment can be as short as 28 days or as long as a year, depending on your needs.

Types of Rehab Treatment

The type of treatment you receive at a rehab facility will depend on your specific needs.

It will also depend on the facility, as many facilities specialize in different types of therapy for certain kinds of addiction.

In general, however, rehab patients can expect to undergo a medical detox (if necessary) and participate in individual and group therapies.

Rehab facilities are abstinence-based, meaning that participants will stop using a substance the moment they arrive. In some cases, medication is necessary to offset withdrawal.

Rehab programs are intensive, so treatment is frequently very structured.

Who Can Benefit

In general, rehab is ideal for individuals facing long-term, intense addiction. It is also possible to enroll in a rehab facility to treat severe mental and behavioral health issues.

Rehab can be critical for people who need to safely withdraw from an addictive substance.

How do you know if your addiction or condition is severe enough for rehab?

In general, a condition is considered “severe” if it is preventing you from living a “functional” life and (most often) putting your life at risk.

The Difference Between Rehab and PHP

Both PHP and rehab help people with addiction and mental health conditions.

So what is the difference between partial hospitalization and full rehab?

The primary difference between PHP and full rehab is that both cater to individuals at different stages in their recovery.

Full rehab is necessary for people navigating severe conditions that require constant professional supervision. Rehab participants are inpatients, meaning that they live at a treatment facility full-time.

Rehab inpatients are also often at the beginning of recovery. However, it is possible to go to rehab multiple times, depending on the severity of addiction.

PHP programs are ideal for people who don’t require the intense treatment of a rehab facility. These individuals are outpatients, meaning that they receive treatment while at home.

PHP participants still need medical supervision to address addiction recovery. However, PHP care is ideal for patients with a “reasonable expectation” of improvement.

Final Thoughts

Now you know the difference between partial hospitalization and full rehab. What comes next?

No matter what treatment program you choose to enroll in, it’s important to set distinct recovery goals. Doing so can help you make the most of treatment.

Learn more about doing so here!

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